The word “Qurbani” comes from the word “Qurb” which means closeness. One day Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) saw a dream in which he was ordered to sacrifice his son Hazrat Ismail (AS), at first, he thought and believed that it was just a cursed devil. Then he understood that it was the message and command from ALLAH (SWT). Without any hesitation he talk with his son Hazrat Ismail (AS) and prepared him for the sacrifice. Ibrahim (AS) loved his son dearly yet this was no obstruction to honouring his duty which was instructed by ALLAH (SWT).
Ibrahim (AS) took his son on the mount of Arafat and his hand a knife and a rope. Hazrat Ismail (AS) asked his father Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) that his eyes be covered and his hands and legs must be tied with the rope to avoid struggling during the sacrifice. Hazrat Ismail also asked his father to cover his eyes too to avoid any difficulty at the time of sacrifice.
As Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) began to carry sacrifice ALLAH (SWT) replaced Hazrat Ismail (AS) with a ram (Sheep) and Hazrat Ismail(AS) was unharmed. ALLAH (SWT) tested Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) to see his dedication in his submission in (Islam) to his creator. In his willingness to oblige to ALLAH (SWT), Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) successfully passed the test of “Qurbani” act as a reminder of our beloved Hazrat Ismail (AS) for his dedication and devotion of surviving ALLAH (SWT) obediently.
The Qurbani is carried out in festive season of Eid - ul - Adha during the “Dhul Hajjah”. It is the twelfth month of Islamic calendar. This serves as to carry out our duties and is inspired by the dedication of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) to ALLAH (SWT). It is also the period whereby the special pilgrimage of Hajj takes place which is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Hajj takes place on the eight, nine and tenth of Dhul Hajj. The Eid - ul - Adha begins on the tenth day and ends on the thirteenth day.
this story of Islam gives us lesson of Sabr, believe, unity and taqwa.
At last I wish you all a very Happy Eid - ul - Adha, stay happy stay safe and ALLAH (SWT) sab ki qurbaniyan qabool farmaye. Ameen